Honey is not all about glucose and fructose sugars - it's been proven to contain more than 180 other substances. These include, for example, enzymes, vitamins, minerals, organic acids and amino acids, hormones, antibacterial substances, naturally-occurring aromatic compounds, pollen and water.
Flower honey or honeydew honey
In their search for food sources, bees make use of the diversity of nature and visit an enormous variety of plants. The ingredients of the honey also vary according to the food source. All nutritional values given are therefore average figures.
Generally honey processors distinguish between the flower honey and honeydew varieties. If a bee favours flowers and gathers their sweet nectar, flower honey is the result. However if a bee collects honeydew from coniferous or deciduous trees, it produces forest or fir honey, for example, which is collectively known as honeydew honey. Honeydew is the sugary juice from the sieve tubes of plants. Sap-feeding insects transform it into sticky-sweet honeydew, which is then absorbed by bees. Honeydew honey is therefore processed twice, which makes it darker in colour than flower honey and gives it a stronger taste.
Nutritional value table
|per 100g||Flower honey||Honeydew honey|
|Energy||1283 kJ / 302 kcal||1197 kJ / 282 kcal|
|Fat||< 0,1 g||< 0,1 g|
|of which saturated fats||< 0,1 g||< 0,1 g|
|Carbohydrates||75,1 g||70,0 g|
|of which fructose||43,0 g||36,0 g|
|of which glucose sugar||28,0 g||28,0 g|
|Protein||0,4 g||0,4 g|
|Salt||< 0,1 g||< 0,1 g|